Local Development Plan (2007-22)

http://connect.breconbeacons.public-i.tv/document/Enclosure_4___Local_Development_Plan.pdf

Draft plan 2015-25

https://governance.beacons-npa.gov.uk/documents/s5267/Encl

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Theme 1 Landscape


Conserve and enhance the sense of tranquillity, peace and remoteness experienced throughout the National Park.
Conserve and enhance the beautiful and varied character of the landscape via sustainable, integrated management
Prevent degradation of the Park’s landscape and enhance derelict land.
Develop understanding and awareness of landscape’s varied character and the processes that influence it.

Geology

Identify and protect other significant sites of geological importance and/or nature conservation value, such as limestone pavements.
Improve the understanding and enjoyment of the Park’s outstanding geodiversity.


History

Support and encourage, through partnership working, the development and promotion of a regional strategy for understanding, protecting, managing, monitoring, raising awareness and enjoyment of the Park’s historic environment.
Protect and manage historic landscapes.
Protect and manage historic parks and gardens.
Protect and enhance scheduled and designated sites.
Seek to protect and enhance, where appropriate, regionally and locally important historic environment features (including historic buildings and archaeological sites) that do not have statutory designation.
Seek to manage all sites appropriately, concentrating on threatened and neglected sites/types whilst involving local communities.
Increase awareness and appreciation of the Park’s historic environment through a coordinated programme of public information and community outreach.

Built environment

All buildings of listable quality should be listed
All listed buildings and their settings should be conserved and their condition improved, concentrating on buildings at risk.
Protect unlisted buildings that contribute to the Park’s built heritage.
Conserve and enhance settlements and settlement patterns
Promote built heritage education and awareness.
Support the Park’s cultural life and traditions through partnership working


Culture and traditions

Record and monitor the Park’s cultural heritage.
Promote the use of the Welsh language.
Promote cultural heritage as an attraction for people
Develop understanding and awareness of cultural life and traditions


Minerals

Reduce the damage done to the Park by mineral working whilst fulfilling the BBNPA’s obligation as a Mineral Planning Authority.
Apply WAG’s policies against mineral working in national parks to the BBNP’s identified sand and gravel deposits.
Explore more local and sustainable options to supplement or replace the need for mineral resources.


Energy

Help achieve national targets for greater renewable production through community and domestic scale schemes.
Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by minimising energy use.
Assist the development of community energy initiatives
Develop the capacity for a localised energy grid
Integrate renewable energy into building and settlement design


Farming

Maintain and enhance viable and productive farming businesses within the uplands so that they are able to deliver private and public objectives to enhance the special qualities of the Park.
Integrate and promote public support for sustainable farming.
Develop communications and collaboration among farmers, land managers, statutory agencies, non-governmental organisations, communities and other interests
Encourage innovative marketing of farm products, for example through the development of local supply chains and landscape branded products.
Minimise waste, energy use and pollution from all agricultural activities
Advocate for programmes that reward people for providing public benefits in the countryside, particularly the delivery of environmental goods and services such as energy generation, water capture, carbon storage and biodiversity gain.
Support the sustainable management of commons within the National Park including the working of Commons Councils.


Woodlands

Capture the existing values of the lower valley native farm woodlands in the National Park and expand these habitats towards the higher slopes where existing forests lie.
Manage forests at higher elevations to maintain a sound commercial presence as coniferous forests, contributing to the rural economy whilst offering the opportunity to improve landscape design and create new upland open space via felling
Restore internationally recognised habitats in woodlands, such as upland blanket bogs, upland heathland and upland oakwoods, where the environmental benefit is greater than leaving the area wooded, and where the viability and potential exists.
Practice continuous cover forestry techniques in suitable forests where appropriate tree species, aspect, age, past management prescriptions and soils permit
Integrate where possible the adoption of sustainable woodland management into the Local Development Plan.
Facilitate community woodland agreements within easy access of existing and future towns and villages to contribute to local gross domestic product (GDP) and to an improved sense of health and well being.


Uplands

Identify priority areas for organic soil and wetland management.
Reduce the extent of invasive species
Achieve sustainable farming
Maximise opportunities for growing the local economy
Demonstrate integrated, sustainable landscape scale conservation by securing large scale, long term funded projects across the Park.
Ensure that uplands management is conducted through an integrated approach whilst utilising, retaining and developing local skills and knowledge
Restore and enhance the habitat connectivity across the Park’s contiguous upland commons.


Theme 2 Biodiversity


Bioddiversity

Utilise a landscape-scale approach to biodiversity conservation, built on good management of soil, air and water quality
Deliver these strategic objectives through partnerships with appropriate bodies including the BBNPA, farmers and farming groups, Unitary Authorities, WAG, Government bodies, community groups, charities, voluntary bodies and recreational users.
Integrate effective biodiversity conservation into economically viable agricultural and arboricultural systems.
Maintain the extent and quality of priority habitats and the range and/or population of priority species.
Ensure that sustainable management of designated sites maintains habitats and species populations at a favourable conservation status.
Ensure that non-designated areas across the Park also contain sufficient habitat in favourable condition to provide a high quality, interconnected landscape to conserve and enhance priority species.
Meet and, if possible, exceed the local biodiversity targets for the restoration and expansion of habitats and the expansion of species’ distribution patterns and population sizes.
Seek innovative solutions to environmental challenges which integrate biodiversity conservation with education, interpretation, other resource management priorities, and social, economic and cultural sustainability.


Air resources

Maintain and, where possible, improve the Park’s air quality.


Water resources

Maintain or improve the quality of the Park’s groundwater, rivers and lakes.
Ensure that water resources are used sustainably across all sectors in the National Park.
Encourage a coordinated approach to national and regional policy so that they are consistent and complementary.
Achieve sustainable conservation management of all existing wetlands, rivers and streams within the National Park.
Optimise the Park’s capacity for water storage, sustainable, small-scale hydroelectric power and irrigation of locally grown food.
Implement objectives within the River Basin Management Plans under the Water Framework Directive to achieve good ecological status for resilient aquatic ecosystems within the Park.
Halt the continued acidification of upland soils and waters within the Park.


Soil resources

Protect the Park’s soils from degradation and erosion
Improve collaboration and cooperation among stakeholders managing soil and peat resources.


Theme 3 Access and recreation


Strategically manage the rights of way network.
Improve the provision of information with regard to public access.
Make the best use of external funding and resource opportunities to improve public access.
Improve access to and on water.
Continue to work constructively with partners to reduce and resolve conflicts and improve access and recreation provision.

Theme 4 Awareness and understanding


Awaraeness and understanding

Information, interpretation and education will be at the heart of all projects to ensure the long term support, understanding and commitment for the National Park from visitors and the local populations
Promote opportunities to connect people to the National Park
Ensure that the National Park can be enjoyed by all and that services and facilities do not deliberately or inadvertently exclude people.

Information

Provide a first class visitor experience and welcome to anyone interacting with and enjoying the National Park and its special qualities.
Provide an holistic and networked dissemination of information which gives visitors the confidence to explore the National Park safely, by working with BBNPA centres, tourism providers and agencies operating within the Park.
Increase awareness of environmental sensitivity and sustainability issues to positively influence behaviour.
The BBNPA will provide a range of information on the National Park, its recreational opportunities and its special qualities to provide a holistic understanding to a range of audiences.


Education

Raise awareness and promote understanding of National Park purposes, policies and activities.
Provide a unique, park-specific outdoor experience that is not available through any other source
Provide learners with the opportunity to have an experience relating to the National Park purposes face-to-face, in the Park, on-line or through written or audio materials
Ensure the health and safety of all learners/participants, retaining the Adventurous Activities Licensing Scheme (AALS) status as a minimum standard
Provide learners with an enjoyable experience of the National Park.
Create learning opportunities for all, including those who have not traditionally had such opportunities in the BBNP.
Demonstrate the principles of sustainability through learning materials and in practice and by supporting Eco-Schools and attaining and maintaining Eco-Centre status for BBNPA centres.
Work with internal and external partners to promote and implement the effective and safe use of the Brecon Beacons National Park for learning.
Meet the needs of learning providers through the continued development and provision of learning services, including those in Welsh.
Enable educators to learn how to utilise the National Park as a place for learning (i.e., through training days).
Incorporate national and international education efforts (e.g., UNESCO decade for ESD, Curriculum Cymreig 2007/8) into the Education Strategy as they arise.


Interpretation

Encourage partnership working between those involved in interpreting the National Park to ensure greater coordination and better use of limited resources.
Raise the profile of interpretation and the promotion of good practice to improve its quality and effectiveness within the National Park
Encourage thematic interpretation based on the key themes outlined in the Authority’s Interpretative Strategy
Provide enjoyable interpretative services that will greatly enhance the quality of a visit to the National Park.
Enable and support local communities in defining and presenting their cultural heritage stories

Theme 5 Sustainable communities


Sustainable communities

Prepare the National Park communities for climate change and fossil fuel depletion by building resilience to ensure minimised economic and social impact.
Reduce direct and indirect production of greenhouse gases by the National Park’s communities.
Support and enhance local production and local economic supply chains.
Address and breakdown actual and perceptual barriers experienced by socially excluded groups.
Ensure that all sectors of the Park’s communities are able to contribute to development of, appreciate the benefits of, and play a part in the delivery of NPMP objectives.
Promote the National Park as an exemplar of sustainable living.
The NPA will be a facilitator of economic development which supports and sustains local communities with increased job opportunities in skilled occupations


Planning and development

Prepare an LDP which is responsive to drivers of change and enables development to meet identified needs.
Provide a first class planning service.
Ensure that there is sufficient land for market and affordable housing to meet the identified need.
Allocate sufficient land for the provision of a variety and mix of employment opportunities to encourage a better link between the provision of employment and housing.
Maintain and encourage the vitality and viability of the Park’s communities and town centres.
Improve the physical quality, energy efficiency, accessibility and sustainable design and construction of all development throughout the Park.
Minimise light and noise pollution


Transport

Reduce the need for travel by controlling the location and design of development.
Provide an integrated transport system that encourages healthy and active lifestyles and supports local communities.
Encourage the development of new and existing services aimed at the visitor market.
Facilitate sustainable, long distance transport to the National Park.
Work with Transport Generators on Green Travel Plans.
Support working practices and behaviour change initiatives that reduce the Park’s greenhouse gas emissions and reduce people’s dependency on fossil fuels for transport
Develop Sustainable Travel Marketing.


Waste management

Promote the waste hierarchy of reduce, reuse and recycle across all sectors of the National Park.
Minimise the amount of waste generated in the National Park.

Theme 6 Economic development


Tourism

Invest in well researched, planned and coordinated product development based on the natural strengths and culture of the area
Continue to improve the understanding of tourism trends, market behaviour and the business of tourism in and around the National Park
Refine the tourism organisational structure to help create a stronger partnership approach involving all key stakeholders.
Encourage collaborative marketing activities based upon the Brecon Beacons brand
Enhance the National Park experience for all people, residents and visitors alike.
Manage the impacts of tourism.
Realise fully the tourism potential of the Monmouthshire and Brecon Canal whilst its attractive setting is conserved and enhanced.


Geopark

Develop landscape-scale conservation of geodiversity, bio-diversity and related cultural heritage.
Improve the visitor experience, particularly by developing information and interpretation of its special qualities.
Support sustainable tourism and other forms of sustainable economic development.
Act as a focus for environmental/earth education and research.
Engage local communities in new ways of working towards sustainable development.
Seek to include all sectors of society in developing the work of the Geopark
Use the area’s geological heritage to encourage partners, visitors, businesses and communities to address the challenges of climate change.


Military use

Reduce adverse effects on the Park’s landscape, biodiversity and historic interest and on others’ enjoyment caused by military exercises and adventurous training.
Educate service users on responsible, sustainable and appropriate use of the Park
Maximise the benefits of military activity in and around the Park.
Manage MOD’s rural land in and affecting the Park to support Park purposes.